Clinical Applications

Australian premiership footballer Nick Maxwell talks about the benefits of laser therapy for professional athletes.

Laser technology in health care and medicine

Over the past 2 decades the application of laser technology for medical procedures and surgery has increased and many cosmetic procedures now incorporate the use of high powered lasers for the removal of benign skin lesions, brown pigmented and vascular surface blemishes, as well as skin photorejuvenation and hair removal using High Level Laser Therapy (HLLT).

The degree of temperature increase within tissues is dependent on the high watt power of the laser being used and how long the tissue is exposed to the laser light to induce varying thermal reactions that range from protein denaturation, coagulation, vapourisation and carbonisation of living tissue.

However there is a second method of laser application, involving the use of  laser devices operating with extremely low power outputs within the milliwatt range (mW) to transmit  laser light energy at very low dosages, incapable of causing thermal tissue reactions, because this small amount of light energy has not been consumed as part of a photothermal reaction in the first few millimeters (mm) of skin tissue and is commonly known as Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) (Simmunovic 2000, Tuner and Hode 2002).

LLLT helps cells to make their own usable energy in a part of the cell called the mitochondria, which is responsible for producing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) for energy, which is necessary for cells to function and regenerate and the flow on of secondary effects downstream have been shown to occur via natural light - induced chemical reactions that support physiological activity and the promotion of tissue healing and reduction of inflammation and pain which is now termed photobiomodulation.

Effective LLLT treatment is reliant upon the correct treatment protocols and laser dosimetry involving correct wavelengths (nm), energy dosage (joules) and frequencies, as well as the appropriate number of treatment sessions, when treating various conditions involving different types of cells and tissues. (Hesketh et al 1987,  Brown 1992, Karu 2002).

Research studies examining the effects of LLLT on wound healing using scanning electron microscopy clearly indicate enhanced metabolic changes following exposure to very low levels of laser light, when compared to non-laser treated wounds. LLLT treated wounds exhibit an accelerated state of healing and a more organised tissue structure, with greater tensile strength and vascularity, and these effects are comparable in both humans and animals (Mester 1976).

 Professor Endre Mester began studying the biomodulating effects of low level laser therapy (LLLT) on human tissue at Semmelweiss University in Budapest in 1965, which resulted in in over 100 published scientific papers and the establishment of the first laser therapy clinic in Budapest for the treatment of nonhealing ulcers (Mester 1976). Despite the shortcomings in past research, both laboratory and clinical research investigating the effects of LLLT has continued worldwide, producing an ever increasing number of positive, high quality, well designed studies in this emerging field of laser phototherapy and photomedicine. This has led to the clinical implementation of LLLT within medical and healthcare facilities throughout the world and at this point in time the United States senate/congress findings which have now supported new technologies, especially photobiomodulation (PBM) for pain management.

LLLT is being utilised, but not limited to the treatment of:

  • Acute / Chronic  Pain Relief (Prokopowisch et al 2005., Gur et al 2004., Lizzarelli et al 2005)
  • Arthritis / Musculoskeletal conditions (Xu Xiao -Yang, Zhao Xiu –Feng et al 2006., Soriano F, Campana V, Moya M, Gavotto A et al  2006., Bjordal et al 2008.,Hegedus et al 2009)
  • Ulcer / Wound Healing (Ozcelik et al 2008., Al-Anazi et al 2008.,Minatel et al 2009)
  • Spinal / Nerve Injury (Byrnes K.R, Waynant R W, Ilev I K, Wu X et al 2005., Rochkind et al 2007., Moges et al 2011)
  • Atopic dermatitis (Morita H. et al Keio J Med 1993)
  • Tissue Trauma (Giuliani A, Fernandez M, Farinelli M, Barotto L et al  2004., Gerbi et al 2008))
  • Lympoedema (G. David Baxter, Lizhou Liu, Steve Tumilty 2017)
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases (Trimmer et al 2009., Shaw et al 2010)
  • Psychological (Schiffer et al 2009,
  • Support for Stem Cell Therapy (Anwer et al 2012., AlGandi A.,Kumar, A., and Moussa, N.A. 2012
  • Post Stroke (Lapchak,P.A. 2010.)
  • Cardiology (Tuby,H., Maltz, L., and Oron, U. 2002.,  Zhang et al 2009., Yang et al 2011)
  • Support Therapy For Cancer Therapy Induced Mucositis (Bjordal et al 2011)



Drug-free Pain Relief

 Advanced German Technology for:

• Rapid Auto-Regulation of Pain and Inflammation

   (Aimbire F, Albertini R, Pacheco MT, et al 2006)  

• Promoting Peripheral Nerve Regeneration & Functional Recovery

   (Rochkind S, Drory V, Alon M, et al 2007)

• Providing Restorative Support Treatment of Central Nervous System Trauma

   (Rochkind S. et al 2007)

• Assisting with the Improvement of Cognitive Function & Mitochondrial Function & ATP Synthesis

   (Naeser MA, et al 2010) (Lapchak P.A, De Taboada L. 2009)  (Passarella S, et al 1984)


To find out more about our Equipment & Courses CALL +613 1300 887 344 

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Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) has proven to be highly beneficial when introduced soon after surgery or injury to nerves, tendons, ligaments, muscles and bones. Continued treatment will effectively minimise the appearance of scars and assist in reducing tissue adhesion and the formation of thick, raised keloid scars, that can sometimes occur in certain skin types or parts of the body, such as the chest, inner and upper arm areas.


This method of laser application is highly recommended after:

  • Reconstructive/plastic surgery (Kubota, J. 1998)
        Mature Scar Tissue 4 Years
    After a Burn Injury
    Reduced Burn Scarring
    After 24 Therapy Sessions
        Thick Red Scar
    8 Months After Surgery
    Reduced Inflammation & Scarring
    After 12 Ten-minute Therapy Sessions
  • Orthopaedic surgery (Paulo, P. Moartins, M. Luiz, A. Pinheiro, B.
  • Andre, M. Marleny, E. Gerbi, M. 2000)
  • Dental and oral surgery (Kutvolgi, I, Tahitotfalu 2000)
  • Plastic and cosmetic surgery (Ohshiro, T. 1988)
  • Liposuction (Czech, T. 2000)
  • Fat transplantation (Katalinic, D. 1990)
  • After burn injury or erbium and CO2 laser skin resurfacing, dermabrasion and skin peels (Czech, T. 1998)
  • Improved success rate after bone and skin grafts and flaps (Cabrero, 1985)
  • After peripheral nerve injury and microsurgery (Rochkind, S. 2000) Non-healing wounds, ulcers and burn injuries will also benefit from an improved immune response and increased microcirculation. (Dyson, 1985)



Sports Medicine & Rehab



  • Sports injuries involving trauma to soft tissue, tendons and ligaments had accelerated recovery ranging from 35% - 50% in 85% of patients when compared with patients who did not receive this method of laser therapy. (Simunovic, Z., Trobonjaca, T. 2000)
  • Speedier reduction in pain, inflammation, joint swelling and increased range of movement (Orjujay, 1989., Barabas, 1991)
  • Significantly reduces the time to turn a non-weight bearing injury into a weight bearing one. (Enwemeka, C. 2000)
  • Aids bone healing and osteo-integration with prosthetics and other bio-implants. (Asanamietal, 1993)
  • Increases the survival rate of injured and crushed peripheral nerves. (Rochkind, S., Nissan, M., Alon,M. 1999)
  • Induces regeneration and repair of spinal cord injury. (Rochkind, S., Alon, M., Quaknine, G. E., Shahar, A., Nevo, Z. 1997)
16 Hours After Orthopedic Surgery Reduced Swelling & Pain Immediately
After 1 Fifteen-minute Therapy Session






 Acne & Scarring  After 25 Fifteen-minute Therapy Sessions
Aging Tissues of the Lower Leg After 6 Thirty-minute Therapy Sessions
Psoriasis of the Hand After 6 Ten-minute Therapy Sessions

Inflamed sensitive skin, acne and allergic reactions can improve dramatically following the very first treatment with. Adults and children who suffer from eczema and psoriasis will also experience a decrease in skin reactions and sensitivity. Acne infection rapidly reduces and collagen production is increased to begin repairing the scarred tissue simultaneously.


  • Fibroblast cells increase natural collagen production (Boulton, 1986) (Lam, T. Abergel, P. Meeker, C. et al 1984)
  • Microcirculation and lymphatic drainage is increased (Lievens, 1985)
  • Free radical damage is reduced by increased anti-oxidant (SOD) (Urciuoli, 1991)
  • Cell renewal is increased (Mashiko, 1983) Natural immune responses reduce skin infection and inflammation (Klima, 1991)
  • Skin and collagen regeneration is increased (Dyson, M., Young, S.1986)
  • 81 Atopic Dermatitis patients had a 79% reduction in pruritis (itching) and a 71% decrease in skin reaction. (Morita, H. et al dermatology department, Hyogo College, Japan)

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